Facebook Replaces Head of U.S. Policy Amid Regulatory Scrutiny

WASHINGTON — Facebook on Tuesday replaced its head of policy in the United States, Erin Egan, as the social network scrambles to respond to intense scrutiny from federal regulators and lawmakers.

Ms. Egan will be replaced by Kevin Martin on an interim basis, the company said. Mr. Martin has been Facebook’s vice president of mobile and global access policy and is a former Republican chairman of the Federal Communications Commission.

Andy Stone, a Facebook spokesman, said the changes would allow Ms. Egan to retain her title as chief privacy officer and focus on privacy policies across the globe.

Facebook is grappling with new privacy laws that take effect in Europe next month, and the company has been called to talk to regulators in several countries, including Ireland, Germany and Indonesia, about its handling of user data.

The changes put two Republican men in charge of the Washington offices of Facebook at a time of great tumult. Mr. Martin will report to Joel Kaplan, vice president of global public policy. Mr. Martin and Mr. Kaplan also worked together in the George W. Bush White House and on the 2000 Bush-Cheney campaign.